1900 Sigmund Freud publishes The Interpretation of Dreams: in Vienna, the rise of the expressive art of Gustav Klimt, Egon Schiele, and Oskar Kokoschka coincides with the emergence of psychoanalysis.


1900 Henri Matisse visits Auguste Rodin in his Paris studio but rejects the elder artist’s sculptural style.


1903 Paul Gauguin dies in the Marquesas Islands in the South Pacific: the recourse to tribal art and primitivist fantasies in Gauguin influences the early work of Andrè Derain, Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso, and Ernst Ludwig Kirchner.


















Paul Gauguin, The Spirit of the Dead Watching, 1892


1906 Paul Cèzanne dies at Aix-en-Provence in southern France: following the retrospectives of Vincent van Gogh and Georges Seurat the preceding year, Cèzanne’s death casts Postimpressionism as the historical past, with Fauvism as its heir.


1907 With the stylistic inconsistencies and primitivist impulses of Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, Pablo Picasso launches the most formidable attack ever on mimetic representation.






















Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, June-July 1907


1908 Wilhelm Worringer publishes Abstraction and Empathy, which contrasts abstract art with representational art as a withdrawal from the world versus an enaggement with it: German Expressionism and English Vorticism elaborate this psychological polarity in distinctive ways.


1909 F.T. Marinetti publishes the first Futurist manifesto on the front page of Le Figaro in Paris: for the first time the avant-garde associates itself with media culture and positions itself in defiance of history and tradition.

Chronological order and selection of events taken from

Art since 1900” by

Hal Foster

Rosalind Krauss

Yve Alain Bois

Benjamin H.D. Buchloh

Thames and Hudson.

Ed., 2004



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